, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

In Buffalo, NY they have the very large and famous Darwin Martin House designed and built by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1903-1905.  This house was groundbreaking as it was surrounded by tall upright Victorian houses on the block and all surrounding areas. This was the opposite in that it was on a large complex with 6 other buildings and all arranged in a pattern with extreme horizontal elements.  The house is one of the most important of his Prairie School era. There are many horizontal elements in this house to ground it.  The bricks are narrow and have horizontal grooves with the vertical grooves mortared flush.  There are huge, massive horizontal chimneys.  There is the shape of the house being very wide and low with supports being internal and columnar.  The outer walls do not hold up the house like a typical house.  This gives the design the ability of having wide and many windows in horizontal rows.  The very large copper gutters run horizontally with no apparent vertical gutters.  This view is the back side of the main house complex: